Coccidiosis disease or dysentery is an intestinal inflammatory disease and often affects puppies. This disease showed typical symptoms (patognomonis) is bloody diarrhea in dogs attacked. Symptoms of dysentery is almost similar to the parvovirus disease in dogs. If parvovirus is a virus while coccidiosis is a parasitic, and certainly easier to treat than the parvovirus.
Age of the dog that attacked more on the Children age 1 to 8 months, whereas an older dog or adults are more resistant to disease. Resistance is closely related to the levels in the body eusinofil dogs, puppies have eusinofil lower levels than adult dogs. Dysentery disease severity depends on the extent of oocyt Isospora are ingested by the pups. Although resistance to coccidiosis adult dog, he can make the carrier (carrier) of this parasite to be transmitted to puppies. The cause of this parasite from the class of Isospora, Isospora canis and Isospora are bigemina. These parasites live and breed in the small intestine.
Mode of transmission Coccidiosis
Mode of transmission of the disease coccidiosis usually occurs when the puppy swallows infective oocyt that contaminate food, drinks, pens, other tools that do not intentionally terjilat puppy. Oocyt will enter the stomach and will settle in the small intestine and invade the mucous membranes of the small intestine. In the intestinal lining oocyt will grow into adulthood and reproduce, and will produce oocyt back. Oocyt of the intestines will come out with dog feces. Outside of a dog's body will develop into oocyt oocyt infective (having sporulation) depending on whether or not suitable environmental conditions, temperature and humidity.
Clinical symptoms of the Visible in Coccidiosis
Distinguish symptoms of the puppy is soft to watery stools slimy, bloody from brown to reddish, decreased appetite, dog depression, weakness, lethargy, pallor, anemia, dehydration and secondary infections will be followed if there is fever. This phenomenon often seen in puppies and adolescent dogs.
Prevention and treatment
Precautions against this disease is to maintain the cleanliness of the cage, the cage must be kept clean and dry, dog poop cleaned up immediately. Placement of places to eat and drink dog should be put in place that is not easily contaminated with dog feces. If there is a stable, coccidiosis-infected dog then immediately do the washing pests by washing cages and equipment with detergent, then do calcification in the cage, let a few days then rinse with clean water. If you need to warm up to the fire on the stove using a cage with rats that oocyt killed.
Treatment of Coccidiosis In Dogs
If the dog has watery diarrhea and bloody mucus and immediately do the treatment by administering preparations sulfa (sulfadiazine, sulfamonoqaline, sulfatrimetoprim etc.), if there is anemia, give vitamin B12 and iron, or can also use Hematopan, then need to be considered for giving vitamin K to stop the bleeding , and if the need arises and Dextrouse LR infusion via intravenous administration to treat dehirasi and increase energy intake. Strict monitoring of the development of the condition of the body needs to be done to plan further therapy.
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